Joseph’s Rise to Power
1 At the end of two full years1 Pharaoh had a dream.2 As he was standing by the Nile, 2 seven fine-looking, fat cows were coming up out of the Nile,3 and they grazed in the reeds. 3 Then seven bad-looking, thin cows were coming up after them from the Nile,4 and they stood beside the other cows at the edge of the river.5 4 The bad-looking, thin cows ate the seven fine-looking, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up.
5 Then he fell asleep again and had a second dream: There were seven heads of grain growing6 on one stalk, healthy7 and good. 6 Then8 seven heads of grain, thin and burned by the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 7 The thin heads swallowed up the seven healthy and full heads. Then Pharaoh woke up and realized it was a dream.9
8 In the morning he10 was troubled, so he called for11 all the diviner-priests12 of Egypt and all its wise men. Pharaoh told them his dreams,13 but no one could interpret14 them for him.15 9 Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “Today I recall my failures.16 10 Pharaoh was enraged with his servants, and he put me in prison in the house of the captain of the guards – me and the chief baker. 11 We each had a dream one night; each of us had a dream with its own meaning.17 12 Now a young man, a Hebrew, a servant18 of the captain of the guards,19 was with us there. We told him our dreams,20 and he interpreted the meaning of each of our respective dreams for us.21 13 It happened just as he had said22 to us – Pharaoh23 restored me to my office, but he impaled the baker.”24
14 Then Pharaoh summoned25 Joseph. So they brought him quickly out of the dungeon; he shaved himself, changed his clothes, and came before Pharaoh. 15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I had a dream,26 and there is no one who can interpret27 it. But I have heard about you, that28 you can interpret dreams.”29 16 Joseph replied to Pharaoh, “It is not within my power,30 but God will speak concerning31 the welfare of Pharaoh.”32
17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing33 by the edge of the Nile. 18 Then seven fat and fine-looking cows were coming up out of the Nile, and they grazed in the reeds.34 19 Then35 seven other cows came up after them; they were scrawny, very bad-looking, and lean. I had never seen such bad-looking cows36 as these in all the land of Egypt! 20 The lean, bad-looking cows ate up the seven37 fat cows. 21 When they had eaten them,38 no one would have known39 that they had done so, for they were just as bad-looking as before. Then I woke up. 22 I also saw in my dream40 seven heads of grain growing on one stalk, full and good. 23 Then41 seven heads of grain, withered and thin and burned with the east wind, were sprouting up after them. 24 The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads of grain. So I told all this42 to the diviner-priests, but no one could tell me its meaning.”43
25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Both dreams of Pharaoh have the same meaning.44 God has revealed45 to Pharaoh what he is about to do.46 26 The seven good cows represent seven years, and the seven good heads of grain represent seven years. Both dreams have the same meaning.47 27 The seven lean, bad-looking cows that came up after them represent seven years, as do the seven empty heads of grain burned with the east wind. They represent48 seven years of famine. 28 This is just what I told49 Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do. 29 Seven years of great abundance are coming throughout the whole land of Egypt. 30 But seven years of famine will occur50 after them, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt. The famine will devastate51 the land. 31 The previous abundance of the land will not be remembered52 because of the famine that follows, for the famine will be very severe.53 32 The dream was repeated to Pharaoh54 because the matter has been decreed55 by God, and God will make it happen soon.56
33 “So now Pharaoh should look57 for a wise and discerning man58 and give him authority59 over all the land of Egypt. 34 Pharaoh should do60 this – he should appoint61 officials62 throughout the land to collect one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt63 during the seven years of abundance. 35 They should gather all the excess food64 during these good years that are coming. By Pharaoh’s authority65 they should store up grain so the cities will have food,66 and they should preserve it.67 36 This food should be held in storage for the land in preparation for the seven years of famine that will occur throughout the land of Egypt. In this way the land will survive the famine.”68
37 This advice made sense to Pharaoh and all his officials.69 38 So Pharaoh asked his officials, “Can we find a man like Joseph,70 one in whom the Spirit of God is present?”71 39 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Because God has enabled you to know all this, there is no one as wise and discerning72 as you are! 40 You will oversee my household, and all my people will submit to your commands.73 Only I, the king, will be greater than you.74
41 “See here,” Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I place75 you in authority over all the land of Egypt.”76 42 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his own hand and put it on Joseph’s. He clothed him with fine linen77 clothes and put a gold chain around his neck. 43 Pharaoh78 had him ride in the chariot used by his second-in-command,79 and they cried out before him, “Kneel down!”80 So he placed him over all the land of Egypt. 44 Pharaoh also said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, but without your permission81 no one82 will move his hand or his foot83 in all the land of Egypt.” 45 Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-Paneah.84 He also gave him Asenath85 daughter of Potiphera, priest of On,86 to be his wife. So Joseph took charge of87 all the land of Egypt.
46 Now Joseph was 30 years old88 when he began serving89 Pharaoh king of Egypt. Joseph was commissioned by90 Pharaoh and was in charge of91 all the land of Egypt. 47 During the seven years of abundance the land produced large, bountiful harvests.92 48 Joseph93 collected all the excess food94 in the land of Egypt during the seven years and stored it in the cities.95 In every city he put the food gathered from the fields around it. 49 Joseph stored up a vast amount of grain, like the sand of the sea,96 until he stopped measuring it because it was impossible to measure.
50 Two sons were born to Joseph before the famine came.97 Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On, was their mother.98 51 Joseph named the firstborn Manasseh,99 saying,100 “Certainly101 God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father’s house.” 52 He named the second child Ephraim,102 saying,103 “Certainly104 God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering.”
53 The seven years of abundance in the land of Egypt came to an end. 54 Then the seven years of famine began,105 just as Joseph had predicted. There was famine in all the other lands, but throughout the land of Egypt there was food. 55 When all the land of Egypt experienced the famine, the people cried out to Pharaoh for food. Pharaoh said to all the people of Egypt,106 “Go to Joseph and do whatever he tells you.”
56 While the famine was over all the earth,107 Joseph opened the storehouses108 and sold grain to the Egyptians. The famine was severe throughout the land of Egypt. 57 People from every country109 came to Joseph in Egypt to buy grain because the famine was severe throughout the earth.