1 So King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came against Jerusalem with his whole army and set up camp outside1 it. They built siege ramps all around it. He arrived on the tenth day of the tenth month in the ninth year of Zedekiah’s reign.2 2 The city remained under siege until King Zedekiah’s eleventh year. 3 By the ninth day of the fourth month3 the famine in the city was so severe the residents4 had no food. 4 The enemy broke through the city walls,5 and all the soldiers tried to escape. They left the city during the night.6 They went through the gate between the two walls that is near the king’s garden.7 (The Babylonians were all around the city.) Then they headed for the Jordan Valley.8 5 But the Babylonian army chased after the king. They caught up with him in the plains of Jericho,9 and his entire army deserted him. 6 They captured the king and brought him up to the king of Babylon at Riblah,10 where he11 passed sentence on him. 7 Zedekiah’s sons were executed while Zedekiah was forced to watch.12 The king of Babylon13 then had Zedekiah’s eyes put out, bound him in bronze chains, and carried him off to Babylon.
Nebuchadnezzar Destroys Jerusalem
8 On the seventh14 day of the fifth month,15 in the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard16 who served the king of Babylon, arrived in Jerusalem.17 9 He burned down the Lord’s temple, the royal palace, and all the houses in Jerusalem, including every large house.18 10 The whole Babylonian army that came with the captain of the royal guard tore down the walls that surrounded Jerusalem. 11 Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard, deported the rest of the people who were left in the city, those who had deserted to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the craftsmen.19 12 But he20 left behind some of the poor of the land and gave them fields and vineyards.
13 The Babylonians broke the two bronze pillars in the Lord’s temple, as well as the movable stands and the big bronze basin called the “The Sea.”21 They took the bronze to Babylon. 14 They also took the pots, shovels,22 trimming shears,23 pans, and all the bronze utensils used by the priests.24 15 The captain of the royal guard took the golden and silver censers25 and basins. 16 The bronze of the items that King Solomon made for the Lord’s temple – including the two pillars, the big bronze basin called “The Sea,” the twelve bronze bulls under “The Sea,”26 and the movable stands – was too heavy to be weighed. 17 Each of the pillars was about twenty-seven feet27 high. The bronze top of one pillar was about four and a half feet28 high and had bronze latticework and pomegranate shaped ornaments all around it. The second pillar with its latticework was like it.
18 The captain of the royal guard took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah, the priest who was second in rank, and the three doorkeepers. 19 From the city he took a eunuch who was in charge of the soldiers, five29 of the king’s advisers30 who were discovered in the city, an official army secretary who drafted citizens31 for military service, and sixty citizens from the people of the land who were discovered in the city. 20 Nebuzaradan, captain of the royal guard, took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. 21 The king of Babylon ordered them to be executed32 at Riblah in the territory33 of Hamath. So Judah was deported from its land.
Gedaliah Appointed Governor
22 Now King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam, son of Shaphan, as governor over the people whom he allowed to remain in the land of Judah.34 23 All of the officers of the Judahite army35 and their troops heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah to govern. So they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah. The officers who came were Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan son of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah son of the Maacathite. 24 Gedaliah took an oath so as to give them and their troops some assurance of safety.36 He said, “You don’t need to be afraid to submit to the Babylonian officials. Settle down in the land and submit to the king of Babylon. Then things will go well for you.” 25 But in the seventh month37 Ishmael son of Nethaniah, son of Elishama, who was a member of the royal family,38 came with ten of his men and murdered Gedaliah,39 as well as the Judeans and Babylonians who were with him at Mizpah. 26 Then all the people, from the youngest to the oldest, as well as the army officers, left for40 Egypt, because they were afraid of what the Babylonians might do.
Jehoiachin in Babylon
27 In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of King Jehoiachin of Judah, on the twenty-seventh41 day of the twelfth month,42 King Evil-Merodach of Babylon, in the first year of his reign, pardoned43 King Jehoiachin of Judah and released him44 from prison. 28 He spoke kindly to him and gave him a more prestigious position than45 the other kings who were with him in Babylon. 29 Jehoiachin46 took off his prison clothes and ate daily in the king’s presence for the rest of his life. 30 He was given daily provisions by the king for the rest of his life until the day he died.47